Growing Well Comprehensive Guide for Growing Children
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Infant Feeding - 0 - 4 months

 

 

Ideal Food Feeding Pattern Artificial Feeding
Click here Breast feeding
Introduction to bottle
Night feeding
Introduction
Modification to the formula
Sterilisation
Intervals of feeding
Technique of feeding
Contraindications

 

IDEAL FOOD

Breast milk is the ideal food for your baby. The baby till 4-5 months of age requires no other food. You may have heard of women who didn’t seem to have enough milk or who had other serious problems in nursing. This mostly happens because the mothers don’t really understand breastfeeding. This is not surprising since most of us don’t have a chance to learn about breastfeeding. Indian mothers secrete 450-600 ml of milk daily with 1.2gm protein content. The energy value is 70 Kcals per 100ml.

Advantages of breastfeeding:

  • Safe, hygienic, cheap and available to infant at correct temperature.
  • Fully meets the nutritional requirements of the infant in the first few months of life.
  • Contains antimicrobial factors such as macrophages, lymphocytes, secretory IgA, anti-streptococcal factor, lysozyme and lactoferrin that provide protection against diarrhoeal diseases, necrotising enterocolitis respiratory infections in first months of life.
  • Easily digested and utilized by both normal and premature babies.
  • Promotes bonding between mother and infant.
  • Helps development of jaws and teeth of baby due to suckling.
  • Protects babies from tendency to obesity.
  • Prevents malnutrition and reduces infant deaths.
  • Natural family planning by prolonging period of infertility