|What is Fever?
|Normal body temperature is 97º F
to 99º F, average being 98.4. When it rises above this it is
|What causes Fever?
|Any infection, be it viral or bacterial can
cause fever. Various systemic diseases like Malaria also cause fever. Even cancer and
exposure to sun can cause fever.
|Is Fever dangerous?
|No. Fever as such does not give any problems,
expect when it causes convulsions.
|Why should fever cause
|Hypothalamus- a part of the brain- has a
centre to regulate body temperature. This centre is not fully developed in children,
therefore when temperature goes beyond a certain level or rises suddenly, this centre goes
awry and a convulsion results. Children who have had a convulsion once are prone to get it
again with high fever, at least till they are five years old.
|How should fever be
|Fever is just an indication of body fighting
the invading, the treatment is to be directed at the cause of fever. Your doctor will
provide some antipyretics to bring down fever.
|Taking your childs
|Use a thermometer to take your childs
temperature. Record the reading on the temperature chart. Recording your childs
temperature preferably every hour will help both you and your doctor, to monitor your
child and assess his condition and effect of treatment.
|Giving your child
|Your doctor may prescribe some medicine to
help bring down the temperature. Use the medicine exactly according to your doctors
instructions. Having your childs favourite cup handy will definitely help the
medicine go down more easily.
|How do I sponge my
|Total body sponging of your child with fever
will help bring the temperature down. Keep a bowl of lukewarm water by the bedside &
use it to "tepid sponge" the face and body. Take a small napkin, soak it and
place it on his head. Wipe the entire body front and back and you will see your child's
body heat help evaporate this water. This will help to make your child cooler, comfortable
and less irritable.
|My child does not take
proper feeds and vomits if I force-feed him. How much of fluids should I provide him when
he has fever?
|When your child is feverish, extra fluid
intake is very important. Frequent fluids eg. water, soups, juices etc. will help to
combat the fluid loss caused by high temperature. A drink and a cuddle at the same time
will help to reassure and comfort the sick child.