Injure more than 1 crore (the magical figure today) Indians
every year. In total population accidents take more than 100,000 lives a year, making them
the fourth leading killer (after heart disease, cancer, and stroke). Accidents are the
leading cause of death in children under 14.
Common causes of accidents
- Cars and other motor vehicles account for nearly half of all accidental deaths.
Motorcycles are statistically the most dangerous vehicle, causing the greatest number of
deaths per number of machines and mini bikes pose dangers that make them unsafe for the
youngsters for whom they are supposedly designed.
- Falls are the second greatest accidental deaths, particularly hazardous to children.
- Drowning follows in frequency. Take care for yourself and children around water. People
drown not only while swimming in pools, lakes or oceans, but also while boating and
- Burns and other deaths from fire are next in prevalence. Using fireworks, often adds to
- Choking the next largest category. For children suffocation is the leading cause of
death in home accidents. Infants may strangle in their cribs, SIDS and choke on coins
- Poisons takes the next greatest toll. A multitude of household products can cause death,
and attractive poisonous plants that bloom in every garden are often sampled by children.
When do accidents, most commonly, occur?
Be extra careful on Saturdays and between 3.00 and 6.00
p.m. Thats when accidents happen most often happen, according to an
International study. The hospitals study dealt with accidents to children, but most
of the findings apply equally well to adults.
Accidents are most likely to occur when the family has
departed in some degree from its usual routine, or under any of the following
- The family members are hungry or tired.
- The mother is ill, about to menstruate or pregnant
- The mother is looking after another ill family member.
- The mother is rushed.
- The child is in the care of another person.
- The family is moving or taking a trip.
- The parents are under emotional stress.
- The parents overestimate or underestimate what the child is capable of. A mother may
realize that with a bit of ingenuity her 2-year old can reach a high shelf where
pesticides are kept. Or she may not understand that a simple warning, such as
"Dont play with matches" is unlikely to deter a child under-5.
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