When the baby starts cutting his teeth, it
is time to start changing him over to chopped and lumpy foods. Cooked cereals, pulses and
vegetables can be given to the child.
Vegetables may be chopped into small
pieces, and boiled. Cooked potato can be given. Leafy vegetables can be given well boiled
and soft. A slice of raw carrot or fruit segments with all skin and seeds removed are also
a good exercise for his gums. As the child grows, it is better to give fruit segments
instead of juice. Fruit provides bulk in the diet and is good for bowel movement.
The aim is that child should get used to
the food eaten by the family members. Mashed rice with dal, khichri or mashed vegetables
normally cooked at home. Add a little oil. Green leafy vegetables can be given separately
or added to dal and khichri, or stuffed in roti or Paratha.
Babies at this age should be fed 4 to 6
times a day as the stomach capacity is less and can take only little at a time.
- Cows milk( not as drinking milk but in products like cereals), curds
- Meat, chicken, fish (bone free), eggs, nuts (ground thoroughly), pulses.
- Breads, rice, wheat, potatoes.
- Fruit, unsweetened fruit juice, vegetable salads
- Finger foods at 7 months toast fingers, vegetable sticks.
- From 6 months at least 1 food from each of 5 groups should be incorporated.
- Homemade foods are preferable as most dishes eaten by family can be used.
Sample feed: � of a bowl of mashed
dal, rice, chicken/mutton broth can be added to the rice, mashed fruits (� a fruit)
By 9 months: � a bowl of the above foods
(little sugar/ salt/ghee/oil)
- Keep breast feeding the child till 1 year of age at least, and even during illness.
- Drinks during weaning boiled and cooled water according to thirst.
- During illness feed the child as normal, even if the child resists.
- During diarrhoea give lot of fluids to the child, in
fact replace each bout of stools with a glass (250 ml) of clean boiled water
CALORIE DENSE FOODS
To meet the increased demands of calorie
and protein, well cooked mashed cereals mixed with milk and sugar can be given. Calorie
dense cereals can be prepared by malting; also, sprouted pulses and beans can be
used. Cereals like wheat, bajra, ragi, jowar, and pulses like moong (whole) can be malted.
How is the food malted?
- Soak overnight.
- Remove the water and tie in the moist cloth and keep in warm place (Sprouting).
- After 48 hours when sprouts come out dry in sun or roast it.
- Make into flour.
- During the process of malting, starch is converted to maltose due to increased
production of enzyme amylase. Thus, this is also called Amylase Rich Food. Due to the
conversion of starch into amylose, thinner gruels are made. With this either the infant
can consume more gruel or more flour can be added to make thick gruel. This way calorie
consumption can be increased.
- Also, 1/2 to 1 teaspoon of malted cereal, added to porridge, khichri and other weaning
foods, will reduce its viscosity and child will be able to eat a larger quantity of it.
This is a very good way of increasing energy density of weaning foods.
- The malting process increases the riboflavin, niacin content. Sprouting various pulses
and beans increase the content of vitamin B group and vitamin C.
- A major advantage of preparation of these energy dense foods is that they are
pre-cooked. Thus, these cereals in powdered form can be stored in airtight bottles. They
can be mixed with boiled water, cooked for a few minutes and fed to the baby.
However, these foods should not form the
major feeds throughout the day, but given 1-2 times in the whole day. This is because the
child should become familiar with various common foods and develop a taste for all foods
and not reject them later.
As the shelf life is short, malting has to
be done every three or four weeks.
food preparations from these malted foods
Cereals like wheat, bajra,
jowar, can be malted. Ragi malt is a common weaning food in the southern parts of India
where ragi is commonly eaten.
Other cereals like rice, rice flakes, corn
flakes, can also be roasted and powdered and given in the form of porridge.
Pulses like moong (whole) can be
malted as it is easy to digest. Roasted and powdered moong dal can be used in porridge.
Nuts: Roasted and ground peanuts (1
tsp.)can be given to children at the age of 9 months.
Vegetables: boiled and mashed soft
vegetables can be added to the porridges. For e.g. tomato, gourds, spinach and other green
Egg: Hard cooked egg yolk can
be added to the various porridges.
- Milk powder (2 tbsp ) can be added to the porridge if it is going to be made in water.
- Little sugar and oil / butter (1tsp.) can be added to the porridge to increase the
Suggested recipes from energy dense
Add all ingredients and cook for a
few minutes by adding water or milk to a semi solid / mashed consistency
- Plain porridge
Bajra 2 tbsp.
Moong dal 2 tbsp.
- Riceflakes porridge
Rice flakes 2 tbsp.
Peanuts 1 tsp (can be added at 9 months)
- Fruit porridge
Rawa 2 tbsp.
Add a banana/fruit after boiling
- Apple porridge
Rice 2 tbsp.
Apple boiled � no.
- Veg porridge
Bajra 2 tbsp.
Masoor/tur 1 tbsp.
Carrot/Veg. 2 tbsp.
- Tomato porridge
Bajra 2 tbsp.
Rice powder 2 tsp.
Peanuts 1 tsp.
Tur dal 1tbsp.
Tomato (boiled)1 tbsp.
Bajra 2 tbsp.
Masoor/Tur/Chana/moong 1 tbsp
Potato (boiled) 2 tbsp
Oil 1 tsp
Mix all ingredients
Make dough and roast as Paratha
Substitute cereal with wheat, jowar, and ragi.
Substitute potato with spinach, other vegetables.
1 teaspoon (1 tsp) : 5 grams or
1 tablespoon (1 tbsp) : 15 grams or 15 ml.
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